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 Russell Kirkland

RUSSELL KIRKLAND is a broadly trained scholar of religion and Asian studies. Before he began losing his eyesight in 2005, he was active in scholarly organizations and gave invited presentations in Australia, China, Japan, and at universities acoss the U.S. Despite several surgeries, he remains visually impaired. For several years, he managed to continue teaching and serving as the Religion department’s undergraduate coordinator. But finally in 2012, a stroke ended his teaching career, and in 2014 he accepted disability retirement. Though physically challenged and unable to travel, his intellect remains intact. Thanks to the internet, he has resumed some scholarly activities.

When Prof. Kirkland returned home after his stroke, he found an invitation to edit a 4-volume collection on Taoism in the Routledge series Critical Concepts in Religious Studies. Planned for publication May 2015, it includes 59 articles by 39 international scholars (17 women, 22 men), designed not only to reflect the latest research but to highlight 21st-century paradigms for Taoist Studies. Prof. Kirkland also hopes to complete his long-planned English edition of the late Russian scholar Evgeny Torchinov’s book Daoizm: Opyt Istoriko-religioznogo Opisaniia.

Before Prof. Kirkland’s health problems, he taught regular courses on Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Japanese Religions, as well as Intro courses and occasional graduate seminars. (Syllabi for his 2009-12 courses are online at http://syllabus.uga.edu.) In 1996 he offered the university’s first course on Native American Religions, and when the Institute of Native American Studies opened under the leadership of Prof. Jace Weaver, Prof. Kirkland served on its Steering Committee until his health problems brought an end to all campus activities. Prof. Kirkland also served on the faculties of UGA’s Asian Studies Program and the Environmental Ethics Program.


A sixth-generation Georgian, Kirkland’s ancestors came to America during Colonial times, and several fought in the Revolutionary War. Born in Atlanta, he grew up in Augusta, a short walk from the Augusta National Golf Club, home of The Masters tournament. He entered what is now Augusta State University at the age of 15, and transferred to Brown University midway through his freshman year. In 1976 he completed his AB in Religious Studies and a simultaneous AM in Asian History. In 1977 his first scholarly article was published, in the Journal Novum Testamentum. He later earned an MA in Religious Studies (1982) and PhD in East Asian Languages & Cultures (1986) from Indiana University. He has taught at the University of Rochester, University of Missouri, Stanford University, Oberlin College, and Macalester College.

Prof. Kirkland’s publications range from Tibet, Japan, and Korea to Native American Studies, though his primary focus has always been China. Until sidelined by his health problems, he authored more than three dozen articles in journals ranging from the Journal of the American Academy of Religion and History of Religions to the Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics. He has published chapters in 15 books (most recently Oxford Textbook of Spirituality in Healthcare) and numerous entries in reference works, from the Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion to the Encyclopedia of Bioethics (4th ed., 2014). After twelve years as book review editor of the Journal of Chinese Religions, he remains a China editor for Religious Studies Review, in which he has published over 175 booknotes since 1989. He also continues to serve as North American editor for Routledge Studies in Taoism.

In 2004, Prof. Kirkland published Taoism: The Enduring Tradition (London: Routledge), the first comprehensive re-evaluation of Taoist history and teachings in accordance with Taoists’ understandings of their own tradition. After reading it and many of Kirkland’s other writings on Taoism, a Quanzhen priest, Liu Xuewen—the first graduate of the Chinese Taoist College to come West for advanced research—came to UGA, and ended up being the last graduate student to complete a degree with Prof. Kirkland. Liu’s thesis, Daoism in modern China, is the first account of the workings of the Taoist College and life at Beijing’s White Cloud Abbey since 1949. Liu utilized materials not available to outsiders in unraveling the complex relationships between China’s Daoist Association and the government of mainland China. He is now teaching and continuing graduate work at Arizona State University.

In the 1990s, Prof. Kirkland began posting full-texts of some of his own publications, along with Study Guides for teachers and students alike, on a UGA webpage (https://faculty.franklin.uga.edu/kirkland). Not only did technical problems delay long-planned updates, but some material that had long been posted has actually been lost. He hopes to re-develop his once-proud webpage, with new additions, at http://chinesetaoism.us. Prof. Kirkland can be contacted at kirkland@uga.edu

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